Table of HIV prevalence in sub-Sahara Africa

This table lists the countries in sub-Sahara Africa in decreasing order according to the HIV prevalence rates in these countries (UNAIDS, 2001). As seen from the table, nine of the top ten countries with the highest prevalence have subtype C either as the major subtype circulating in the country or as one of the subtypes (Kenya). Of these top ten countries, it is interesting to note that eight (8) are from Southern Africa where subtype C is most prevalent. This suggests that subtype C has contributed to the high prevalence of HIV in these countries (see map on subtype C infection). The major subtypes circulating in any one country are indicated with bold type.



Countries

Rank

Subtypea

Adult rate (%)

Total # of infected

Adults infected (15-49)

Orphans

Botswana

1

C,A

39.9

   330 000

   300 000

     69 000

Zimbabwe

2

C

33.7

2 300 000

2 000 000

   780 000

Swaziland

3

C

33.4

   170 000

   150 000

     35 000

Lesotho

4

C

31

   360 000

   330 000

     73 000

South Africa

5

C,ABDGU

24.8

5 000 000

4 700 000

   660 000

Namibia

6

C

22.5

   230 000

   200 000

     47 000

Zambia

7

C,ADGJ

21.5

1 200 000

1 000 000

   570 000

Malawi

8

C,ADU

18.3

   850 000

   780 000

   470 000

Kenya

9

C,AUDG

15

2 500 000

2 300 000

   890 000

CAR

10

AHUDEG

12.9

   250 000

   220 000

   110 000

Mozambique

11

C

13

1 100 000

1 000 000

   420 000

Cameroon

12

CAHODFGJUB

11.8

   920 000

   860 000

   210 000

Cote d’Ivoire

13

 

9.7

   770 000

   690 000

   420 000

Rwanda

14

C,ABGF

8.9

   500 000

   430 000

   260 000

Burundi

15

C,A CD

8.3

   390 000

   330 000

   240 000

Tanzania

16

C,ADU

7.8

1 500 000

1 300 000

   810 000

Ethiopia

17

C,ABD

6.4

2 100 000

1 900 000

   990 000

Togo

18

AG

6.0

   150 000

   110 000

     63 000

Uganda

19

C,ABDG

5.0

   600 000

   510 000

   880 000

DR Congo

20

CKADHUGFJ

4.9

1 300 000

1 100 000

   930 000

Nigeria

21

C,ABJUG

4.8

3 500 000

3 200 000

1 000 000

Benin

22

AG

 

   120 000

   110 000

     34 000

Somalia

23

 

1

     43 000

     43 000

---

Senegal

24

 

0.5

     27 000

    24 000

     15 000


The subtypes in small lettering indicate that even though these subtypes were identified in the respective countries, they represent only a small fraction of the circulating subtypes.

References:


1. UNAIDS: http://www.unaids.org/
2. LANL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/


Page last updated by Tulio de Oliveira.